Level A - Weekly exercise L65_2

ANSWERS

Texte :

Individuals have a right to die with dignity, India's Supreme Court upheld on Friday in a landmark verdict that permits the removal of life-support systems for the terminally ill or those in incurable comas.

Passive euthanasia, as it is called, will apply only to a terminally ill person with no hope of recovery, a panel of five judges said. Active euthanasia, by administering a lethal injection, continues to be illegal in India.

In active euthanasia, a specific overt act is performed to end the patient's life whereas in passive euthanasia, something is not done that would be necessary to preserve a patient's life, the panel noted.

"It is due to this difference that most of the countries across the world have legalized passive euthanasia either by legislation or by judicial interpretation with certain conditions and safeguards."

Even though passive euthanasia has been legal since 2011 in India, the government is yet to pass the law. Meantime, a non-government organization approached the top court with a plea to also legalize the right to a living will.

"At that time the Supreme Court said they will look at this whole passive euthanasia thing again, which they have, and they have upheld their own judgement," said activist and author Pinki Virani.

Virani's plea to the top court in 2009 for passive euthanasia of Indian nurse Aruna Shanbaug, who had survived in a coma for more than 40 years after she was sexually assaulted, caught the nation's attention.

Two years later, the court passed a law permitting passive euthanasia. The issue is not considered politically contentious in India.


En vous référant à la présentation du groupe nominal, pour chaque groupe extrait du texte, vous indiquerez sa construction ( P, G ou A) et son noyau.

C'est la construction de 1er niveau dont il s'agit.


Je vous conseille vivement de vous aider de cette fiche indiquant comment vous aider des stop-words.

J'ai souligné et mis en gras les stop-words

Groupes nominaux :

India's Supreme Court = G court

a landmark verdict = A verdict

the removal of life-support systems = P removal

life-support systems for the terminally ill = P systems

those in incurable comas = P those

Passive euthanasia = A euthanasia

a terminally ill person = A person

a panel of five judges = P panel

Active euthanasia = A euthanasia

a specific overt act = A act

the patient's life = G life

the countries across the world = P countries

by judicial interpretation = A interpretation

a non-government organization = A organization

the right to a living will = P right

a living will = A will

this whole passive euthanasia thing = A thing

Virani's plea to the top court in 2009 for passive euthanasia of Indian nurse Aruna Shanbaug = G plea