Level A

Weekly exercise L69_2


L'exercice de la semaine :

Dans les extraits ci-dessous faites suivre tous les groupes verbaux, noyaux de proposition qui s'y trouvent de parenthèses dans lesquelles vous écrirez :

(le temps / éventuellement l'auxiliaire ou les auxiliaires / le verbe non marqué)

Exemple pour "...they might have gone..." la réponse est :

(Passé/Modal may/Have participe passé/go)

Exemple pour "...he goes..." la réponse est :


Adapted from VOA "Facebook Rules at a Glance: What's Banned, Exactly?"

April 24, 2018 2:56 PM



Facebook has revealed(Présent/Have>>pp/reveal) for the first time just what, exactly, is banned(Présent/be>>pp/ban) on its service in a new Community Standards document released on Tuesday. It's(Présent/be) an updated version of the internal rules the company has used(Présent/have>pp/use) to determine what's allowed(Présent/be>>pp/allow) and what isn't(Présent/be>>pp/allow) ("allowed" sous-entendu), down to granular details such as what, exactly, counts(Présent/count) as a "credible threat" of violence. The previous public-facing version gave(Passé/give) a broad-strokes outline of the rules, but the specifics were shrouded(Passé/be>>pp/shroud) in secrecy for most of Facebook's 2.2 billion users.

Not anymore. Here are(Présent/be) just some examples of what the rules ban(Présent/ban). Note: Facebook has not changed(Présent/have>>pp/change) the actual rules - it has just made(Présent/have>>pp/make) them public.

Credible violence

Is(Présent/be) there a real-world threat? Facebook looks(Présent/look) for "credible statements of intent to commit violence against any person, groups of people, or place (city or smaller)." Is(Présent/be) there a bounty or demand for payment? The mention or an image of a specific weapon? A target and at least two details such as location, method or timing? A statement to commit violence against a vulnerable person or group such as "heads-of-state, witnesses and confidential informants, activists, and journalists."

Also banned: instructions on "on how to make or use weapons if the goal is(Présent/be) to injure or kill people," unless there is(Présent/be) "clear context that the content is(Présent/be) for an alternative purpose (for example, shared as part of recreational self-defense activities, training by a country's military, commercial video games, or news coverage)."

Hate speech

"We define(Présent/define) hate speech as a direct attack on people based on what we call(Présent/call) protected characteristics - race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, sex, gender, gender identity, and serious disability or disease. We also provide(Présent/provide) some protections for immigration status," Facebook says(Présent/say). As to what counts(Présent/count) as a direct attack, the company says(Présent/say) it's(Présent/be) any "violent or dehumanizing speech, statements of inferiority, or calls for exclusion or segregation." There are(Présent/be) three tiers of severity, ranging from comparing a protected group to filth or disease to calls to "exclude or segregate" a person our group based on the protected characteristics. Facebook does note(Présent/do+verbe "note" : il s'agit d'une forme d'insistance) that it does "allow(Présent/do+verbe "allow" : il s'agit d'une forme d'insistance. "Facebook does note that it does "allow" pourrait se traduire par "Facebook note effectivement qu'il autorise bel et bien..." ) criticism of immigration policies and arguments for restricting those policies."

Voici ci-dessous un exercice de même type. N'hésitez pas à me poser des questions : je me ferai un plaisir de vous apporter mon aide.